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Car parts remanufacturing has benefited from the "old for new" pilot program
Recently, the national development and reform commission, the ministry of finance, the ministry of industry and information technology, the ministry of commerce and the general administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine have initiated a pilot program of "replacing old products with new ones".
The industry believes that the launch of the pilot work of "replacing old parts with new ones" will facilitate the remanufacturing of old parts in China and expand the source of old parts. China's auto parts remanufacturing industry may enter the fast track of development.
The pilot started
"Exchanging the old for the new" refers to the behavior of buyers of remanufactured products in China to return the old products and purchase the remanufactured products at the replacement price. The state provides one-time subsidies to consumers through the promotion enterprises according to a certain proportion of the replacement price (the sales price of remanufactured products is deducted from the recycling price of old pieces). Remanufactured parts and components must be produced by qualified enterprises approved by the state, and audited and certified products must use the remanufactured products identification mark on the obvious location or package.
According to yu guang, director of the technology department of China association of automobile manufacturers, enterprises need to mark products in accordance with the "remanufacturing" for "remanufacturing" promotional product labeling content, which can be printed directly on the packing box or in the form of non-drying adhesive, and should be posted in the prominent position of product packaging.
It is understood that the parts included in the pilot program of "replacing with old ones" are automobile engines and gearboxes. The state subsidizes the remanufactured products such as automobile engines and gearboxes that meet the requirements according to 10% of the replacement price. The maximum subsidy for remanufactured engines is 2,000 yuan and the maximum subsidy for remanufactured gearboxes is 1,000 yuan. Including guangzhou huadu global automatic transmission co., LTD., weichai power (weifang) manufacturing co., LTD., dongfeng cummins engine co., LTD., 10 pilot enterprises responsible for the implementation of automobile engine and transmission of remanufacturing product "to old change to" work, involving 112 model engine and transmission to produce products.
In addition, to ensure the smooth implementation of the pilot work of "replacing the old with the new", the ministry of industry and information technology commissioned relevant departments to develop the "replacing the old with the new" management system, and organized and compiled the operation manual of local management departments and enterprises.
Xie jianjun, general secretary of the auto parts remanufacturing branch of the China association of automobile manufacturers, said, "the 'replace the old with new' management system can assist the management department to carry out standardized and standardized management of the 'replace the old with new' work, so as to continuously improve the industry development, timely formulate and adjust industrial policies and provide macro management data."
"The implementation of the policy of 'replacing old parts with new ones' is not only conducive to promoting recycling of remanufactured parts and expanding the source of old parts, but also conducive to expanding the influence of remanufactured products, supporting the market promotion of remanufactured products and realizing the scale and standardized development of remanufacturing industry," yu said.
, experts say, along with our country for many years to become the world's car production and sales for the first big country, sharply rising car ownership, auto renewal speed, a large number of elimination of vehicles for the automotive remanufacturing industry provides abundant resources, while "to old change again" the start of pilot work, show that China's auto parts remanufacturing has entered the new stage of development, or could usher in a large-scale promotion of development.
Huge market space
In recent years, China's automobile industry has maintained an annual growth rate of more than 10%. It is estimated that the number of domestic civilian vehicles will reach 200 million by 2016. According to the proportion of developed countries' car ownership and remanufacturing, China's auto parts remanufacturing industry will have a good market development prospect.
It is understood that remanufactured products account for up to 50% of the market of automobile maintenance and parts in Europe and America. According to such market share, China will have a huge market space for remanufactured products in the future automobile aftermarket.
In order to promote the development of China's parts remanufacturing industry, the national development and reform commission published two batches of pilot enterprises of parts remanufacturing in 2008 and 2013 respectively. The first batch contains 14 pilot enterprises of complete vehicle or component remanufacturing and the second batch contains 28 pilot enterprises. At the same time, the national development and reform commission has stipulated the remanufacturing authority enjoyed by various enterprises: each remanufacturing pilot unit shall carry out work in strict accordance with the approved implementation plan and relevant state regulations, and shall not exceed the approved pilot type and scope.
In mid-december last year, the state standardization administration issued the quality inspection methods for remanufactured blank and the quality management requirements for remanufactured mechanical products. At the same time, the national development and reform commission, together with the ministry of industry and information technology and four other ministries and commissions, announced the list of 10 enterprises qualified for the remanufacturing product promotion pilot enterprise, the remanufacturing product model and the promotion price. At the same time, the national development and reform commission, the ministry of industry and information technology, the ministry of finance and other ministries and commissions have jointly carried out nationwide remanufacturing activities of "replacing old products with new ones". According to the activity requirements, subsidize the remanufactured products such as automobile engines and gearboxes which meet the requirements by 10% of the replacement price; In late December, general office of the ministry of industry and information technology issued by the "about further do a good job of electromechanical products remanufacturing pilot demonstration notice, request the competent department of industry and information technology together with the relevant departments at all levels, strengthen the management of mechanical and electrical products remanufacturing industry, encourage the remanufacturing production enterprises and their products in the region focus on public online, urge the relevant units strictly implements national related industry policies, laws and regulations and technical standards, etc. To guide enterprises to implement the label requirements of remanufactured products; We will guide remanufacturing enterprises to establish an information-based management platform for remanufacturing products to "track" and "trace" old products.
According to xie jianjun, although China's auto parts remanufacturing industry started late, it has been developing rapidly. The number of remanufacturing enterprises has risen from 1 to over 100 at the beginning, and the output value has risen from less than 0 in 2005. 500 million yuan rose to the current 8 billion yuan, and the number of employees rose from less than 1, 000 to more than 50, 000.
Compared with the traditional waste metal recycling and disposal method, automobile parts remanufacturing can recover about 70% of the value of waste products. Compared with original manufacturing, remanufacturing can save energy consumption by 80%, save material by more than 70% and reduce manufacturing cost by 30%-50%.
"China's component remanufacturing industry has made remarkable achievements, but there are still many problems in remanufacturing as an emerging industry." 'for example, remanufactured products are not widely accepted by consumers,' Mr. Xie said. The old part source and sales channel of remanufactured products are not smooth enough. Remanufacturing technology and management level is not high, product quality is mixed; Relevant regulations such as the recycling management of scrapped automobiles need to be revised.